The condition with a lower number of red cells and lacks enough healthy red blood cells to carry oxygen to the tissues is called Anemia. The above process is carried out by hemoglobin- the main protein element in the blood. So when you have anemia your hemoglobin level will go low in your blood. As the organs have an inadequate supply of oxygen, you will have fatigue and pain. It is the most common condition seen with younger people, pregnant women, and people with a prolonged illness.
Some infants have it from birth as they get it genetically. Women become iron deficient because of their menstrual cycle, and higher demand for blood during pregnancy. Adults have anemia due to chronic illness or some kidney disease.
Types of Anemia
There is a list of anemia around 400 types. But the most common types are as follows
- Aplastic anemia
- Iron deficiency anemia
- Sickle cell anemia
- Vitamin deficiency anemia
It is a condition when your body does not produce adequate new blood cells, leads to extreme fatigue, bleeding, and more vulnerable to diseases. It can develop at any age coming without or mild symptoms. When not spotted at the right time, it could pay you with more complications.
Stem cells in your bone marrow produce blood cells containing red cells, white cells, and platelets. Bone marrow gets affected and does not produce the essential blood cells due to stem cell damage. The most common reason for aplastic is your own immune system damaging it. Other reasons are
Radiation and chemotherapy: As a side effect of this treatment, it affects the healthy blood cells with cancer cells. It can be reversed with proper medications.
Chemical exposure: Frequent exposure of Toxic chemicals used in pesticides and insecticides, benzene are linked to aplastic anemia.
Medications: Medications suggested to treat certain diseases like rheumatoid, arthritis, and some suggested antibiotics for certain illness can cause aplastic anemia.
Pregnancy: In pregnancy due to higher demand of blood cells, your immune system will affect your bone marrow.
Iron deficiency anemia
The most common type of anemia, which is due to iron deficiency. As the name goes, your blood needs iron to produce sufficient blood cells to carry oxygen to all tissues. It leaves you with tiredness and breath shortness. It is usually treated with iron supplements and hardly need medical emergency situations.
Sickle cell anemia
It is a group of disorders with Sickle cell disease. To carry out the process of oxygen supply to all tissues, healthy blood cells will be round in shape. But persons with sickle cell disease have blood cells in the shape of sickle or crescent moons. As the shapes are rigid these blood cells get stuck into the small blood vessels. So there won’t be enough supply of oxygen or in the worst case there will be a blockage.
There is no cure for this disorder, but the pain can be managed with proper medication and it prevents further complications.
It is an inherited blood disorder. Due to your genetics, you will have a low Red blood cell (hemoglobin) count in your body than the normal. If you have a mild disorder, it doesn’t need any treatment. You can manage it with a healthy diet and exercise routine. But when you have a very low count you need to have regular blood transfusions with proper medications.
Vitamin deficiency anemia
As the name suggests, vitamin deficiency is linked to your hemoglobin count. When you are deficient with vitamin C, vitamin B-12, and folate you have this type of anemia. It can be reversed with the intake of vitamin supplements and vitamin-rich foods in your diet. To learn about vitamin supplements and products check our Ayurvedic product section.
There won’t be any signs when you have mild anemia. But the symptoms emerge gradually when your hemoglobin level drops.
- A very fast or unusual heartbeat
- Dizziness or lightheadedness
- Pale skin
- Slow growth rate for children
- Extreme fatigue
- Breathing issues
- Joint pains and abdominal cramps
Check on our Product section for more herbal made Ayurveda products. It is vital to treat anemia at the right time. It could be fatal when left undetected, as it could bring more complications with pregnancy and heart functioning. So whenever you feel extreme fatigue with no reason you have to consult your doctor.