Common Cold & Fever
It is a usual viral infection that affects your upper respiratory tract includes nose and throat. Although it is harmless many other type of viruses show common cold and fever-like symptoms. Children below age 6 are more prone to get cold and fever. A fully grown adult will get thrice in a year. Most people will recover from common cold in 10 days or longer time for persons who smoke. But if it lasts more than 10 days it is necessary to consult a doctor.
Symptoms of cold
The general cold symptoms come in two days after having contact with the virus. Symptoms include,
- Sore throat
- Runny nose
- Body pain
- Mild fever
The nose discharge would get a change in color from white to yellow or mild green, but it is not because of the bacterial infection.
The normal temperature of our body will change according to the sex, hormonal changes, physical activity, fluid intake. The normal temperature range for a grown adult is between 97.6–99.6°F (36.4–37.6°C). For adults fever range is
- 100-100.4° F is a fever
- Above 103° F is a high fever
- Above 105.8° F is a very high fever
Causes of cold
Rhinovirus is the most common reason for cold. It enters your body through air droplets from person who is affected by the virus. It transfers to your body through eyes, mouth. It is also spread by hand contact with the infected persons by sharing the objects which are contaminated with the virus, like utensils, toys, mobiles.
The risk factors which makes you unguarded for cold are
Age: Children younger are most vulnerable to these viruses. Below age of 6, it is important to give a highly immunity rich diet.
Weak immune system: Any other chronic illness or disease will weaken your immune system and increases the risk of having a cold.
Time: Most people regardless of their age will get cold in the winter season. But you can be affected by cold anytime.
Smoking: In both active and passive smoking you will get frequent and severe cold.
Exposure: When you are surrounded by many people during a function or while traveling on a bus, train, or plane you are more susceptible to get cold.
Complications with cold
With the common symptoms when you have severe cold you will be having the following symptoms.
Ear infection: When the infection gets behind the eardrum you will have sharp pain in and out of the ears. In some cases, there will be white or yellow discharge. Even you will have a fever with the pain.
Asthma: A cold can lead to an asthma attack, as more mucus makes you trouble to breathe.
Acute sinusitis: When your cold is not relieved within 10 days your sinuses will get inflamed and infected.
Other infections like strep throat, pneumonia, croup may affect when the cold persists for a longer period of time.
Prevention from cold
There is no vaccine from this cold virus. But it can be prevented by following some precautions
Washing your hands: Teach the importance of washing your hands to children. It is important to wash hands with soap or hand wash before eating. An alcohol-based hand sanitizer can also be used.
Disinfectant: When your family member has a cold it is important to wash the utensils, towels, and toys periodically or spray disinfectant.
Tissues: Sneeze and cough into dry tissues or disposable ones and dispose it after usage. Or in case no unavailable of tissues you can cover your nose and mouth with hands.
Don’t share: It is important not to share your towels, cups, and utensils to anyone even some things like towels, the comb should not be shared among the family members.
Although there are precautions it is important to have a healthy diet and exercise to stay healthy.