Depression

A mood disorder that affects your daily activities because of mood swing. You may have interference in your activities with unbalanced sadness, angry, and loss. WHO reports that one in four people will get affected my at least one neurological disorder in their lifetime. The total number of people getting affected by depression is estimated to exceed 300 million all around the world. Suicide becomes the second largest reason for death globally. In India 1 in 20 people suffer from depression and 15 percentage of the people need active help with their mental disorders. The age group from 15-49 are widely exposed to depression.

Types of depression

The major types of depression include,

  • Major depressive disorder
  • Persistent depressive disorder

Major depressive disorder

Feeling down and having mood swings are common. But it goes away in a few days. But having high mood swings with persistent sad and angry for about two weeks is abnormal. This condition is called a major depressive disorder. It needs proper medical attention without it causes many risks and complications. Symptoms for the major depressive disorder include,

  • Feeling worried most of the day
  • Loss of interest in all your activities
  • Excess sleeping or no sleep
  • Guilty feeling
  • Loss of appetite or more food craving
  • Slowed thinking
  • Extreme fatigue
  • Thinking about suicide often

Persistent depressive disorder

A milder and chronic form of depression is a persistent depressive disorder also called dysthymia. Unlike the major depressive disorder, this type lasts for years and give you more complications. The common symptoms include

  • Having a very low self-esteem
  • Feeling left alone
  • Losing interest in all activities
  • Lack of productivity

Identifying depression

Depression is diagnosed by simple questions more than tests. When you consult your doctor with symptoms he or she will ask a serious of question regarding your

  • Sleep pattern
  • Appetite
  • Activity
  • Mood

In some cases, you need to have a blood report. As thyroid problems, Vitamin D deficiency can give you depression. Depression should not be taken for granted as it can give you serious illness and high-risk complications.

Some complications are,

  • Panic attack
  • Continous weight gain
  • Relationship troubles
  • Social isolation
  • Extreme fatigue
  • Self-harm
  • Suicide

Treatment for depression

Depression can be treated when you are cautioned with your symptoms. Also, it is highly important to stick to the treatment your doctor is suggesting. Treatment for depression includes medications and mental support through therapies. The common medical suggestions are,

Antidepressants: It balances the chemicals in your nervous system that brings you all kind of mood. These medicines help you sleep well and increase your appetite and making you concentrate on work. 

Anti-anxiety: It treats your anxiety in the short and long term based on the usage. It prevents you from panic attacks

Antipsychotic medications: It is also called neuroleptics. It is used to manage psychosis( Hallucination, delusion, paranoia). They are used as mood stabilizers.

Some therapies to treat depression are

Psychotherapy: speaking from your heart relaxes your mind and lessen your heavy heart. You can speak with your doctor regarding the troubles you face or even you have regular family group sessions.

Light therapy: You will be exposed to white light to balance your mood and protect you from depression. It is most prevalent with seasonal depression-like, major depressive disorder.

Some other therapy includes meditation and acupuncture sessions to relax your mind and helps in staying calm. Doctors can sometimes combine medication with therapies but it is essential to follow your doctors words until the time he suggests to relief from depression.

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